November 27, 2022


The institution of the British cantonment in 1809 made Bengaluru an important navy hub in South India. Quickly sufficient, a necessity arose to determine extra transportation hyperlinks between the brand new civil and navy outpost with the colonial administrative headquarters in Madras. That was how Bengaluru received on the nation’s railway map.

Within the 1840s, proposals for these railway traces had been debated within the railway traces had been debated within the British Parliament, a transfer supported by merchants and transport corporations. In Bengaluru, it was Sir Mark Cubbon who pushed for the event of the railway hyperlink throughout his tenure because the Commissioner of Mysuru and Kodagu. He proposed a railroad undertaking connecting Mysuru and Madras via Bengaluru and Calicut however the plan was stalled.

In the meantime, the Madras Railway Firm (included in 1845 to develop railway networks in British India) was requested by the British authorities to begin laying the railway line. Lastly, a 149-km broad-gauge railway line between Bengaluru Cantonment and Jolarpettai (in Tamil Nadu’s Vellore district) was opened for visitors in August 1864.Town’s first rail join was flanked by two platforms on the Cantonment railway station.

Unbiased researcher and historian Arun Prasad mentioned, “The road was initially meant for navy functions -for transporting troopers, grains and ammunition -but was later made open to the general public.“ Lewin Bentham Bowring took over because the commissioner of Mysuru and the land for the railway undertaking was donated by the Mysuru authorities. The prepare that chugged from Cantonment was known as `Bangalore Mail’. The 12 months 1864 additionally noticed different essential developments in Bengaluru: the constructing of the Attara Kacheri, the introduction of British forex within the state and the institution of the Woman Curzon Hospital. The railway hyperlink was a turning level within the historical past of town because it inspired immigration in giant numbers. Commerce noticed a lift like by no means earlier than. The truth is, potters from Madras additionally settled down within the Cantonment across the similar time, resulting in the institution of Pottery City.

In the course of the Nice Famine of 187678, Prasad mentioned this railway line between Bengaluru and Jolarpettai (extending to Madras) proved to be essential for transportation of reduction provides. “Aid kitchens had been opened in each station (together with Bangalore Cantonment) to distribute grains,“ he mentioned.

In the identical 12 months, Mysuru maharaja Chamaraja Wadiyar handed orders for the development of the Bangalore-Mysore railway line as a part of the famine reduction work.The part from Bengaluru to Channapatna was opened in 1881 whereas your complete line was accomplished in February 1882 at a complete price of `38.32 lakh. Concurrently ,a railway line linking the Cantonment and Metropolis railways stations was additionally constructed.



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