September 18, 2022

New Delhi: Russia is just not collaborating within the Tokyo Olympics. And but Russian athletes have already received 22 medals on the occasion, together with seven golds.

Regardless of a ban on the nation collaborating in any worldwide sporting occasion until 2022, 335 Russian athletes are a part of the Tokyo Olympics, collaborating below the ROC banner, which is at present ranked fourth, in keeping with the medal tally.

ThePrint explains the Russian paradox on the Olympics.

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Why are Russian athletes competing below the ROC banner?

In 2019, the World Anti-Doping Company (WADA) banned Russia from collaborating in any worldwide occasions for 4 years, following doping allegations towards athletes from the nation.

In 2020, The Court docket of Arbitration for Sport (CAS), diminished the ban to 2 years — the interval of which ends on 16 December 2022. The nation is prohibited from collaborating in any worldwide sporting occasion throughout this time, which incorporates the Tokyo Olympics, the approaching Paralympics in August or Winter Olympics in Beijing in February and the 2022 FIFA World Cup.

Nonetheless, whereas the nation is banned — stopping Russian athletes from collaborating below the nation’s banner and flag, utilizing the nation’s title or singing the nationwide anthem — the nation’s athletes are collaborating on the Tokyo occasion below the ROC banner.

ROC stands for the Russian Olympic Committee, however since the usage of the committee title can also be prohibited below the ban, the athletes are utilizing the acronym ‘ROC’, which is all that Russian athletes have been allowed to publicly show because the affiliation to which they belong.

Additionally, solely these athletes who aren’t below any suspension or restriction have been allowed to take part.

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Why was Russia banned?

In 2014, 800-metre runner Yulia Stepanova and her husband Vitaly, a former worker of the Russian Anti-Doping Company (RUSADA) uncovered a classy doping programme in a German documentary.

In 2015, a WADA-initiated investigation revealed a system of state-sponsored sports activities doping and the overlaying up of failed anti-doping checks of athletes on the lab of the then RUSADA chief, Grigory Rodchenkov. Rodchenkov, who had been the mastermind behind doping by Russian athletes on the 2012 Summer time Olympics in London and 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi, fled to the US shortly after the report was revealed.

The accreditation of Russia’s anti-doping lab was revoked the identical yr.

One other whistleblower got here ahead in 2016 and informed The New York Instances that Russia ran a deliberate state-sponsored doping scheme. NYT‘s supply was none apart from Rodchenkov, who claimed intelligence officers substituted participant’s urine by means of a gap in a wall, prompting an investigation by WADA, IOC and different international sporting federations.

An impartial investigation was ordered by WADA, the report of which was revealed in July 2016, and claimed Russian gamers routinely used medication to reinforce efficiency at 2014 Sochi Winter Olympics.

Following this, 111 out of 389 Russian athletes had been barred from collaborating within the 2016 Rio Olympics, primarily based on preliminary investigations. The whole Russian workforce was banned from collaborating within the 2016 Paralympics.

After a number of investigations, although it was revealed that greater than 1,000 athletes throughout 30 sports activities had been aided by state-sponsored doping, in September 2018, WADA lifted the sanctions, on the situation that Russia fingers over information regarding its athletes from its Moscow lab to doping regulators.

Nonetheless, it was alleged by WADA that Russia tampered with the information and so WADA imposed a four-year ban on the nation’s participation in worldwide occasions, later diminished by the CAS to 2 years, following an enchantment by Russia.

Even after the ban ends, Russia must pay all fines and contributions (price incurred by WADA on the case, equal to both 10 per cent of the Russian Anti-Doping Company’s annual revenue in 2019 or 1,00,000 USD whichever is decrease), comply with observe all phrases of WADA’s sanctions and cling to its laws.

(Edited by Poulomi Banerjee)

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